What after 10th? | Courses After 10th Class in India

What after 10th? What are the courses after 10th? What to do after 10th? Which stream and subjects to choose in 11th and 12th?


Are you stuck with these questions?

Many of you must have already chosen the stream and subjects which you are going to study in the 11th and 12th. But there could be many who haven’t, those students are confused while choosing stream for class 11th. Students have a number of queries regarding the same. Here you will know answers to the most frequently asked questions regarding the choice of right stream in class 11.

  • I am not good at Maths. So what stream should I chose after my class 10?
  • I am thinking to take PCM (Physics, Chemistry and Maths) in class 11th but I am confused about what to do after class 12th or what are various career options after Class 12 in PCM?
  • I am a class 10 student. I am really confused about the stream which I will have to choose in class 11. How should I select the right option?
  • What career options will be available to me if I’ll take Commerce in class 11?
  • I have scored more than 80% in my class 10 with 80+ marks in Science. What stream should I choose in class 11?

It is okay if you have finalized a stream and combination subjects to study in class 11 and 12. It is okay if you have already decided upon a career pathway. But it is also okay if you haven’t done all this thinking yet.

What after 10th

Here’s why it is okay!


By not finalizing what to do and which courses after the 10th should be considered, you have unlocked the door to exciting career opportunities.

Choosing the right stream in class 11 is considered to be one of the most important decisions of life as it will somewhere affect your whole life by letting you chose the best career in future. So while thinking about the right option, students often get confused and have a number of queries regarding the choice of the best stream.

Wondering how?


There are so many courses after 10th that could land you in your dream job. But how would you decide which one is the right course for you? This dilemma could make you go crazy! But hey, before we learn about all the exciting and futuristic courses after 10th, let’s look at how we can make the right career choice. 

Career counselling for 10th class


According to CBSE, nearly 32 lakhs of students appeared for 10th board exams. That’s a huge number. But how many students are actually aware of what to do after 10th? Career counselling and career guidance for 10th class is the need of the hour. Students who are confused about their stream selection can go for career counselling. Career counselling for 10th class students is extremely important as today’s youth are tomorrow’s future. 

“Padhega India tabhi toh badhega India.” 

Mistakes  students make while choosing their career after 10th


According to CBSE, nearly 32 lakhs of students appeared for 10th board exams. That’s a huge number. But how many students are actually aware of what to do after 10th? Career counselling and career guidance for 10th class is the need of the hour. Students who are confused about their stream selection can go for career counselling. Career counselling for 10th class students is extremely important as today’s youth are tomorrow’s future. 

1. Following the crowd/friends –

This is one of the most common mistakes which most of the students unknowingly make. Many students just take up any stream because their friends have decided to take that stream. This can turn out to be the worst decision of their lives.  

It is necessary that you chose the stream which you are most passionate about rather than doing what most of the students are doing.

2. Parental/Societal pressure –

Let’s look at a common scenario.

You: Dad, I want to take up Arts stream.

Dad: There is no future in the Arts stream. You have to take up science. Look at Sharma Jis son. He had taken up science stream and he is doing very well in life.

I am sure many students would have faced this situation. I am sure, that many parents would have given the examples of some Sharma or Gupta to influence the decision of their child. This can lead to a flawed career decision. It might look like that science stream is everything. But if you get proper career guidance from an expert (career counsellor), choosing a career path after 10th will be much easier.

3. Lack of knowledge –

There are a plethora of career options after 10th. If we go back 10-20 years ago, there were very fewer career options to choose from. But now the scenario is completely different. There are many career options available and with the help of proper career guidance and career counselling, you can see the light at the end of the tunnel.

List of stream after 10th

Career Options After 10th


1. Science –

  • Science is the most popular and favourite career option for the majority of the parents and students.   
  • Science stream offers many lucrative career options such as engineering, medical, IT and you can even opt for research roles.
  • The best advantage of taking science stream is, it keeps your options open. You might switch from science to commerce or science to arts. But it is not possible to do the other way around.
  • Taking science stream equips you with excellent problem-solving abilities. 
  • Science and math offer a flexible foundation which enables students to accomplish highly respected and well-paid jobs.
  • Science is fun, amazing and fascinating. As Edward Teller rightly said

“The science of today is the technology of tomorrow.”

Who should take science after 10th?

If technology fascinates you and you have a flair for numbers, then taking science after 10th would be a wise option. 

  • You can opt for Physics, Chemistry, Maths (PCM).
  • If you want to make a mark for yourself in the medical field, you can opt for Physics, Chemistry, Maths, Biology (PCM-B).
  • Now there are many students who don’t like Maths. Either they are afraid of Maths or Maths doesn’t interest them. Don’t worry, if you want to become a doctor, then knowing Maths is not necessary. You can easily opt for Physics, Chemistry, Biology (PCB).

The major subjects covered under Science stream are:

  1. Mathematics
  2. English
  3. Biology
  4. Physics
  5. Chemistry
  6. Computer Science

The major career options under Science stream are:

  1. Engineering
  2. Doctor
  3. Scientist
  4. Astronauts
  5. Pharmacists
  6. Software Programmers
  7. Web Developers and lot more…

Students should choose the subjects according to their interests. Usually, they choose subjects by seeing their friends or in peer pressure. This could make or break your career. After all, decision making is a major sought after skill for students.

There are multiple career options available for science stream after 10th class. If you have any doubts regarding what after 10th you can visit www.mindopedia.com and get your career counselling done. Their career assessment test gives 92% accurate results. 

It will really help you in choosing the right career stream.

2. Commerce – 

  • Commerce is the second most popular career option after science. If you love numbers, finances, economics etc., then finance is the best option for you.
  • It offers a wider variety of career options such as Chartered Accountants, MBA, investment in banking sectors etc.
  • You acquire commercial knowledge which is very important for the business.
  • You have to be familiar with the subjects such as Accountancy, Finance, Economics etc.
  • You must be good with numbers, data and have a curiosity in Finance, economics. 
  • Commerce as a subject is gaining popularity in India and many students are studying and making a living out of it.

Who should take commerce after 10th? 

  • If you have an affinity for numbers, business, economics then commerce is the stream for you. 
  • If you want to shape your career in economics and business world, then commerce is the right career for you. 

The major subjects covered under Commerce stream are:

  1. Business Studies
  2. Accountancy
  3. Economics
  4. Mathematics
  5. English
  6. Informatics Practices (if not maths)

The major career options under Commerce Stream are:

  1. Chartered Accountants (CA)
  2. Company Secretaries (CS)
  3. Chief Financial Accountant (CFA)
  4. Financial Planner
  5. Lawyer
  6. Bank PO and many more…

There are a number of options available for commerce stream after 10th class. If you have any doubts regarding whether to opt for commerce stream you can choose the smartest way by getting your career counselling done from an expert. Proper career guidance after 10th class is extremely necessary for a hassle-free career. Mindopedia career assessment is considered to be the best by the industry experts. Their career assessment is tested on statistical methodologies and provides accurate and reliable results.

3. Arts/Humanities – 

  • Nowadays arts/humanities are very high in demand and more and more students are opting for it. 
  • Arts is now emerging as a sought after career choice. It provides students with an array of career opportunities.
  • It offers many lucrative career options such as Journalism, languages, history, psychology etc.
  • Design, Language Arts, Performing arts, Humanities are well-paid career options.
  • Arts subject encourage creativity and self-expression.
  • Students who take up art stream develop critical thinking. It also helps you increase your leadership qualities.

Art teaches you to deal with the world around you.

~ Alan Parker.

Who should take Arts after 10th?

If you are a student who is creative and wants to dive deep into humanity, then arts is the stream for you. 

The major subjects covered under Arts stream are:

  1. English
  2. Economics
  3. History
  4. Geography
  5. Political Science
  6. Hindi
  7. Sanskrit
  8. Home Science

The major career options under the Arts Stream are:

  1. Journalism
  2. Teaching
  3. Lawyer
  4. Graphic Designer
  5. Mass Communication and Journalism
  6. Hotel Management and Many more..

There are multiple options available for Arts stream after 10th class. If you have any confusion you can get your career counselling done. A career counsellor will provide you with proper career guidance and guide you in the right direction. 

These are the few good career options which you can choose after 10th class.

In-Demand Professions


I have put together for you a list of some of the popular career choices today. Like we discussed, these keep changing frequently, but this list will help you get a view on the landscape.

Here are few in-demand professions from each SCIENCE, COMMERCE and ARTS.

SCIENCECOMMERCEARTS
Robotics/ Mechanical EngineerFinancial ConsultingCivil services /Government Administration
Product Design / Industrial DesignCost and Management AccountantLaw
Medical/Physiotherapy/ NutritionistStatistician / Data AnalyticsClinical Psychology, Organizational Psychology, Counselling , Sports Psychology / Career counselors
Engineering / Environmental Science /ManufacturingCertified Financial PlannerMedia – journalism /communication/ PR /Advertising
Data ScientistChartered AccountantCommercial Artist
Software DeveloperBanking /Investment Banker/ Private Equity / Venture CapitalHospitality /Event Management 
Cyber SecurityCompany SecretaryContent Writer, Author, Editor
AnimatorActuaryNational security agencies like FBI/CBI
Game Designer/DeveloperFinancial Analyst / Corporate FinanceMarketing and sales jobsDigital Marketing
Technical WriterStockbrokingDesignFashion/Interior Designer/Jewelry design 
InsuranceInternational Relations a Diplomat, Intelligence Specialist, or work with the World Bank, United Nations, World Health Organization (WHO) 
With language skillsTranslator, Linguist, Writer,

What are the career options after 10th class?


Picking the right career option after 10th is probably the most important decision of your life and should not be taken in a hurry. Let us see how you can choose the right career path after 10th: 

  • Intermediate (2years) – After 10th class, the student can select subject groups like PCM, PCB, PCMB, Commerce with Maths, Commerce without Maths. Post completion of 12th class, one can do graduation in multiple disciplines based on the subject selection.
  • Polytechnic – After 10th class, students can do polytechnic courses like Mechanical, Civil, Chemicals, Computer, Automobile. Polytechnic colleges offer diploma courses for a duration of 3 years, 2 years and also 1 year.
  • ITI (Industrial Training Institutes) – After 10th class, students can do ITI courses for employment like Mechanical, electrician, electrical.
  • Paramedical – After 10th class, students can do paramedic courses like DMLT (Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology), DOA(Diploma in Ophthalmic Assistant), DOT (Diploma in Ophthalmic Assistant). 
  • Short term courses – After 10th class, students can do short term courses like Tally, DTP, Graphics.

Right career advice and guidance at the right time can do wonders for you. It is very important to consult an expert in the field. A career counsellor can help you decide what to choose after 10th. An expert will assess and analyze your strength, passion and interest. Based on that the expert will determine your most suitable career path. Effective career counselling in India can do wonders for your future.

How to pick the education board? Should you go CBSE or ICSE or IB?


You have finished your 10th. Now you are planning to pick an education board which is most suitable for you and which will help skyrocket your career. Choosing between CBSE, ICSE and IB is not an easy option. Each education board has its own advantages. When it comes to having the best education, choosing the right board and school is very necessary. Let’s look at the perks of choosing any education board. It will be easier for you to decide which board to opt for.

Benefits of CBSE (Central Board of Secondary Education)

  1. Probably the most popular education board and the national board of our country. CBSE has an integrated curricular approach which helps develop holistic individuals.
  2. CBSE emphasizes on skill development. 
  3. CBSE helps students prepare for competitive exams as most of the questions in competitive exams are asked from NCERT.
  4. Most of the competitive exams such as JEE mains and advanced are conducted by CBSE. 
  5. It imparts quality knowledge to the students as well as ensures the overall development of an individual.
  6. The most important advantage of CBSE board is that it offers flexibility to choose the subjects based on student’s interest. The overall structure of CBSE is very compact and it doesn’t allow you to feel any pressure.
  7. You don’t need to mug up the answer. Original and well-written answers are appreciated by the CBSE board giving students a chance to explore their thinking horizon.

Benefits of ICSE (Indian Certificate of Secondary Education)

  1. ICSE is considered to be the toughest board. The curriculum of ICSE is very comprehensive and it encompasses all fields with equal importance. 
  2. ICSE students become naturally very good in English because of their in-depth curriculum.
  3. It is no surprise that students who do well in ICSE are expected to clear the Civil service exam as the art of writing compactly in English is very much needed in Civil services.
  4. The syllabus and structure of ICSE are in such a way that it enables students to look beyond textbooks and have practical insights into the concepts.
  5. The standard and curriculum of ICSE gives the students a strong foundation and make them ready for their future.
  6. Amount and content of syllabus might be high, but it also develops high knowledge among the students. You might have heard that what CBSE teaches you in 11th or 12th, ICSE board has already taught the concepts in 9th. Such impact and resourceful is ICSE’s curriculum.

Benefits of IB (International Baccalaureate)

  1. If you are planning to study abroad then IB board can help you get admission abroad.
  2. IB board helps you become more culturally aware.
  3. It helps you to get Global Affiliation.
  4. Their curriculum helps in the all-round development of a student. 
  5. IB board gives you the flexibility to select your own subjects.

These are the few advantages of the top education board. No board is the best. Every board has its own advantage. It totally depends on the aptitude of the student. It is also important for a student to undergo career assessment for 10th class. Career assessment is used to understand the personality, interest and aptitude of the student. It is used to find out your most suitable subject group and career path.

vocational courses

Vocational stream in 11th and 12th class


After 10th, several boards offer vocational streams in class 11th and 12th to help you prepare for a job immediately after the completion of class 12th. You can choose two or more vocational subjects along with compulsory languages. Depending upon in which board you are enrolling into, your vocational subject choices could be:

  1. Accountancy and Taxation
  2. Air-conditioning and Refrigeration
  3. Auto Shop Repair and Practice
  4. AutomotiveBanking
  5. Banking and Insurance
  6. Beauty and Wellness
  7. Business Administration
  8. Business Operations and Administration
  9. Capital Market Operations
  10. Civil Engineering Technician
  11. Clinical Biochemistry and Microbiology
  12. Computer Theory & System Analyst
  13. Construction Technology
  14. Cost Accounting Creche and Pre-school Management
  15. Database Management Applications
  16. Design and Innovation
  17. Electrical Appliances
  18. Electrical Machines
  19. Electrical Technology
  20. Electronics Technology
  21. Environment Education
  22. Exterior & Interior Design
  23. Fashion Design and Garment Technology
  24. Financial Accounting
  25. Financial Market Management
  26. Food and Beverage Services
  27. Food Nutrition and Dietetics
  28. Food Production
  29. Front Office Operations
  30. Garment Construction
  31. Geospatial Technology
  32. Graphic Design Technician
  33. Health and Beauty Studies
  34. Healthcare Science
  35. Horticulture
  36. Hospitality Management
  37. Information Technology Insurance
  38. IT Application
  39. Library and Information Science
  40. Logistics Operations and Supply Chain Management
  41. MarketingMarketing and Salesmanship
  42. Mass Media Studies and Production
  43. Mechanical Engineering Technician
  44. Medical Diagnostics
  45. Music Production
  46. Office Procedures and Practice
  47. Office Secretaryship
  48. Offset Printing Technician
  49. Operations and Maintenance of Communication Devices
  50. Retail Operations
  51. Salesmanship
  52. Security
  53. Stenography and Computer Application
  54. Taxation
  55. Telecommunication & Electronic Technician
  56. Textile Design
  57. Transport Systems and Logistics Management
  58. Travel and Tourism
  59. Troubleshooting and Maintenance of Electronic Equipment
  60. Typography and Computer Application
  61. Web Applications
  62. X-Ray Technician

Top Courses after 10th class: Vocational Education Options


Do you want to leave school and instead opt for vocational training? Are you looking for career options after 10th? Read about after 10th courses list below and understand which ones could be the right for you:

Top 20 Polytechnic Diploma Courses in Engineering and Technical Fields


If you have studied Science and Mathematics in class 9 and 10, then you can sit for the polytechnic entrance examination in your state and secure a seat in a polytechnic. After a polytechnic diploma (3-year duration), you can get a job or you can opt for lateral entry into a 4-year B.E./B.Tech. course in Engineering (you can get admission to the 2nd year). Diplomas in these are considered the best course after the 10th.

The top 20 polytechnic diploma courses are:

  1. Computer Engineering
  2. Cyber Forensics & Information Security
  3. Digital Electronics
  4. Applied Electronics & Instrumentation
  5. Electrical & Electronics
  6. Electronics
  7. Biomedical Electronics
  8. Information Technology
  9. Mechanical Engineering
  10. Medical Electronics
  11. Mechatronics
  12. Power Electronics
  13. CAD-CAM
  14. 3-D Animation & Graphics
  15. Apparel Design & Fashion Technology
  16. Chemical Technology
  17. Civil Engineering
  18. Civil Engineering (Environmental)
  19. Food Processing
  20. Water Technology
certificate courses

Top 10 ITI Certificate Courses (technical)


If you have studied Science and Mathematics in class 9 and 10, then you can enroll for an ITI Trade course in any of the following technical trades and obtain a certificate (2-year duration). ITI Certificate course is considered the best course after the 10th.

Top 10 of these are as follows:

  1. Computer Hardware & Network Maintenance
  2. Draughtsman (Civil)
  3. Electrician
  4. Electronic Mechanic
  5. Mechanic (Refrigeration and Air-Conditioner)
  6. Mechanic (Auto Electricals & Electronics)
  7. Mechanic (Mechatronics)
  8. Mechanic (Medical Electronics)
  9. Surveyor
  10. Radiology Technician

Top 12 ITI Certificate Courses (non-technical)


If you have not studied Science and Mathematics in class 9 and 10 or studied any subjects, then you can enroll for an ITI Trade courses in any of the following non-technical trades and obtain a certificate (1-2 year duration):

  1. Baker & Confectioner
  2. Computer Operator & Programming Assistant
  3. Food & Beverage Services
  4. Food Production
  5. Hair & Skin Care
  6. Housekeeper
  7. Multimedia, Animation, Special Effects
  8. Travel Tour Assistant
  9. Plumber
  10. Welder
  11. Old Age Care
  12. Spa Therapy

Top 6 Diploma Courses in Vocational Training


Instead of opting for a polytechnic diploma or an ITI certificate course, you may also opt for a 3-year D.Voc. (Diploma in Vocation) course under the NSQF (National Skill Qualification Framework) training program. A degree in vocational training is considered to be the best course after the 10th. The top 6 of these are:

  1. Software Development
  2. Graphics & Multimedia
  3. Travel & Tourism
  4. Refrigeration & Air-Conditioning
  5. BFSI
  6. Medical Imaging

Top 10 Skill Training Programs and courses after 10th


After 10th, you may also opt for a skill training program in a community college and NSDC approved training centre for career options after 10th. Some of the options are:

  1. Animator
  2. Beauty Therapist
  3. Food processing
  4. Gems & Jewellery
  5. Healthcare
  6. Mobile Phone Technician
  7. Organic Grower
  8. Sales Executive
  9. Software Development
  10. Solar Photovoltaic System Installer

All the best. Happy Learning. May you choose the career which you flourish.

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